Friends, Today our country is independent, great revolutionaries have given freedom to India. Thousands of revolutionaries have sacrificed to give freedom to India, then our country became independent on 15 August 1947.

Friends, today we are going to talk about India's first freedom fighter. Yes friends, we are talking about Mangal Pandey, who has become martyr for defense of his country and religion.

Mangal Pandey was a soldier in the Bengal Native Infantry of the East India Company. After some time, Mangal Pandey was the first person start a rebellion against the British government. Hence Mangal Pandey is called the first freedom fighter.

Let friends know in detail about the life of Mangal Pandey (history of Mangal pandey).


Born:- 19 June 1827, Nagwa, Ballia district, Company India

Died:- 8 April 1857 (aged 29), Barrackpore, Calcutta, Company India

Cause of death:- Hanging by the British Government.

Father Name:- Divakar Pandey

Mother Name:- Abhairani Pandey

Occupation:- soldier in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry of the British East India Company

Known for:- First Indian independence fighter.



Mangal Pandey was born on 19 June 1827 in  Nagwa village of Ballia district and And he was born in a Brahmin family. His father's name was Diwakar Pandey and mother's name was Mrs. Abhay Rani.

Although there is no clear mention about the childhood of Mangal Pandey, but according to historians, Mangal Pandey was belong a middle class family. And Mangal Pandey was Strong, brave from childhood and he was fond of wrestling.

Mangal Pandey's family financial condition was not good, so at the age of 22 years (1849), Mangal Pandey joined the army of British East India Company.

Mangal Pandey used to do parade very fast, and was very Brave soldier, so he was included in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry.


In the early times, Mangal Pandey was very happy and excited with his army job. Mangal Pandey wanted to do his job with full dedication and hard work.

But after some time, Mangal Pandey came to know the truth of British officers, That, British officers exploit and torture Indians.

Seeing the tyranny of the British officers, Mangal Pandey started hating the British government. Then suddenly an incident occurred after which Mangal Pandey's hatred for the British government increased.

It happened that in 1857, the British government included a new cartridge in the weapons of the soldiers, named the Enfield P53 rifle.

And before using these new cartridges, they had to be opened by mouth, And a rumor spread in the Indian soldier, that cow and pig fat is used to make these cartridges.

The army of British East India consisted of people of both Hindu and Muslim faiths.

For Hindus, cow is the mother and cow is worshiped.

For Muslims, Pig is impure and forbidden.

So all the soldiers were very angry, but Mangal was not quite sure about this, he felt that the British government would not cheat the soldiers.

Then, Mangal Pandey went to the place where cartridges were made, There was really fat of pig and cow, Seeing all this Mangal Pandey became very angry.


After this, Mangal Pandey started making all the Indian soldiers aware of the tyranny of the British Government.

Now many soldiers started opposing the British government. In 19 February 1857, new cartridges were distributed among the soldiers, but Mangal Pandey refused to take the cartridges.

And started opposing the British officers fiercely, seeing this protest the British officer ordered Mangal Pandey to left the job.


On 29 March 1857, the British officer Major Hughson proceeded to snatch the rifle of Mangal Pandey, but Mangal attacked Hughson and kill.

After, killing British officer, Mangal Pandey managed to escape from there. The British government ordered all officers to arrest Mangal Pandey.


Mangal Pandey survived British officers for some time, but Mangal Pandey knew that he could not survive British officers for much longer.

But Mangal Pandey did not want to die from the shot of the British, so he shot himself, but he did not die. 

And Mangal Pandey was arrested by the British officers in an injured state.

Then, some time Mangal Pandey was treated and when he recovered completely, he was sentenced to death.

But the Indian soldiers were very angry. seeing anger of Indians, and Fearing opposition from Indian soldiers, British officers hanged On 8 April 1857, Mangal Pandey 10 days before the scheduled date.


After the death of Mangal Pandey, there was a lot of anger among all the Indian soldiers, they started demanding independence.

Indian soldiers started revolting against the British government, slowly large number of people started joining this rebellion.

A month after the death of Mangal Pandey, On 10 May 1857, the revolt started from Meerut Cantonment, And then slowly, rebellion started against the British government in whole North India.

The British government thwarted this rebellion of soldiers, but due to the sacrifice of many revolutionaries like Mangal Pandey, became India independent on 15 August 1947.


Today we told you about the life of Mangal pandey (history of Mangal pandey), we hope you must have been inspire by this story and learned a lot new things more.

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Written by Sanchit Pandey.

Learn here and then teach others.

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