Mahatma Gandhi Movements
Mahatma Gandhi Movements

Friends, India was a slave of the British before 15 August 1947. The British government used to persecute Indians, and the people of India were not given any facilities.

But on 15 August 1947, the great revolutionaries finally freedom India from the British. But this fight was not so easy, many great people sacrificed for the country, many movements have been done.

Mahatma Gandhi has played an important role in India's independence movements, 

Friends, today we are going to talk about the 5 Major movements of Gandhiji. These movements of Gandhiji have played an important role in liberating India.

let's start Mahatma Gandhi's 5 Major Movements for India freedom.


5 Major Movements of Mahatma Gandhi


1. Champaran movement

The Champaran movement started in April 1917 from the Champaran district of Bihar, this movement is also a part of the movements for independence.

The Champaran movement was a movement for the rights of farmers. And it was a successful movement led by Gandhiji.


• Reason Of Champaran movement

Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa in 1915, and he saw that the British Government was torture the Indian farmers.

1. The British government was forcing farmers to do indigo farming (Neel Farming) instead of traditional farming.

2.  The British government was buying the crops of the farmers at very cheap prices, due to which the farmers were suffering a lot.

3. The farmers' loan was indebted, due to which the financial condition of the farmers deteriorated.

Seeing this painful situation of the farmers Gandhi ji came forward, and started the Champaran movement. During this period, Strike was held against the British landowners under Gandhi's leadership.


• Results of the Champaran movement.

Eventually the Champaran movement started by Gandhiji was successful, the British landowners had to bow to Gandhi ji.

Rid of British agricultural policies: - Now there was no coercion on Indian farmers, and Farmers could do agriculture own according, And the farmers were getting good prices for the crops.

Gandhiji received the title of Mahatma Gandhi: - After the success of the Champaran movement, Mohan Das Karam Chander Gandhi was named Mahatma Gandhi.

Increased confidence of Indian farmers;- There was a lot of persecution on the farmers, Therefore, there were thoughts comes of committing suicide in the minds of farmers,

But after the success of the Champaran movement, the self-confidence in the farmers increased, and the farmers felt freedom.

Proved to be helpful in the freedom movement:- The Champaran movement was Gandhi's first and successful movement, After which the Indian people started realizing that if all together oppose the British Government, India will soon become independent.


• Reasons for the success of the Champaran movement:-

Movement based on truth and non-violence:- The Champaran movement was a movement based on truth and non-violence, and this movement was done peacefully by Gandhiji, so it was a successful movement.

Promotion and spread of the movement:- Champaran movement started, the agitation was publicized in the newspapers, so that all the farmers of the society came to know about the movement. And a large number of farmers joined the movement.

Lawyers got support:- Gandhiji was a lawyer, so Gandhiji got the support of all the lawyers of the city, which made this movement even stronger.


2. Kheda movement

The kheda movement started in 1918 from the kheda district of Bihar, this movement is also a part of the movements for independence.

The Kheda movement was an agitation for the farmers and it was a successful movement led by Gandhiji and Vallabhbhai Patel.


• Reasons of Kheda movement

In 1918, the Kheda village was flooded, so the crops of the farmers were spoiled. The floods had a very bad effect on the life of the farmers.

1. When the crops of the farmers were ruined, the farmers requested the government to reduce taxes but the government did not reduce the farmers' taxes.

2. British government to collect non-taxable taxes from farmers.

Seeing the problems of the farmers, Gandhi ji started the Kheda movement, During this time, the farmers agitated against the British government under Gandhi's leadership and refused to pay taxes.


• Results of the Kheda movement

Recovery from poor farmers stopped:- After this movement, the British government stopped extortion from farmers.


The captured property of the farmers was returned:- The farmer who did not pay tax, the British government used to take possession of his property, but after the movement was successful, the farmers got the property back.


3. Non-cooperation

The Non-cooperation movement started from Gujarat on 1 August 1920, this movement is a very important part of the freedom movements.

The non-cooperation movement took place under Gandhiji's leadership, and this movement was supported by the Congress party.


• Reasons of Non-cooperation:-

Jallianwala Bagh massacre:- The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was the main reason for the non-cooperation movement.

On 13 April 1919, agitators gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, and suddenly British officers started firing, In which thousands of people died.

Gandhi was very saddened by this incident and he started the non-cooperation movement and Congress Party supported this movement.

During this movement people stopped supporting the British government in any way, boycotted government schools, government jobs and goods.

But suddenly an incident  happened, which is known as the Chauri Chaura incident, In which many police personnel died.

Due to the escalation of violence, on 12 February 1922 Gandhi ji stopped this movement.


4. Quit India movement:-

Quit India movement was started by Gandhi ji on 8 August 1942 from Gwalior Tank, Mumbai.

The tyranny of the British government was increasing day by day, the British used to exploit the Indian people. So Gandhiji wanted to make India independent from the British, For which Gandhiji launched several movements, including Quit India Movement.


• Reasons of Quit India movement

Due to the failures of the August proposal and the Cripps Mission, Gandhiji started the Quit India Movement.

During this movement, Gandhiji asked the British to leave India, and Quit India movement got a lot of support.

But along with Gandhiji, many activists were arrested by the British government, but Gandhi's supporters throughout the country kept the movement going.

Although this movement was unsuccessful, but after this movement, the British had realized that now the Indian people have become aware.

In the last, Gandhiji had to stop this movement, because the British government released thousands of agitators in exchange for stopping the movement.


5. Civil Disobedience Movement (Dandi March)

Under Gandhi's leadership, the Civil Disobedience Movement (Dandi March) was started on March 1930.

The Civil Disobedience Movement (Dandi March) is a very important part of India's independence movements.


• Reasons Of Civil Disobedience Movement (Dandi March).

1. Taxes imposed on salt by the British government, which increased salt prices more.

2. Made new laws on salt trade, Because of which it became difficult to buy salt for the middle class family.

3. The Indian person was prohibited from trading salt, if any Indian man used to trade salt, he would be sentenced to 6 months. 

Gandhiji did not like the policies of the British Government at all, so he started a journey from Sabarmati Ashram in Gujarat called Dandi Yatra. Many people participated in this movement of Ganjhi, people strongly supported this movement. 

After reaching Dandi, Gandhiji broke the laws of the British Government. The incidents that took place during this period are called the Civil Disobedience Movement (Dandi March).


CONCLUSION.

Today we told you about the Mahatma Gandhi's 5 Major Movements for India freedom, we hope you must have learned a lot new things more.

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Written by Sanchit Pandey.

Learn here and then teach others.

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